What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are dilated blood vessels in your anus and rectum. When you have hemorrhoids, the walls of your blood vessels stretch and become thin until they're significantly weakened and start protruding and bleeding.
What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?
External hemorrhoids, those that develop around your anus, are covered by skin and are usually painless. But, you might develop anal itching, discomfort when sitting, and sore bumps around your anus. If a blood clot occurs in an external hemorrhoid (thrombosis), you could develop an intensely painful anal mass. If the skin breaks open, you may also experience anal bleeding.
Internal hemorrhoids develop higher up inside the anal canal. Usually, they don't cause pain but may cause bloody stools. If an internal hemorrhoid descends into your anal opening and gets stuck, a condition called prolapse, it can cause intense pain.
What causes hemorrhoids?
The cause is uncertain, but nearly anything that pressures your rectal vessels can contribute. Common contributing factors can include:
- Chronic constipation
- Chronic diarrhea
- Heavy pressure and straining during bowel movements
- Bowel dysfunction due to laxative or enema overuse
No matter what caused your hemorrhoids, Dr. Araghizadeh can help.
How are hemorrhoids treated?
Although hemorrhoids are sometimes treatable with nonsurgical measures, such as a high-fiber diet, you might need a procedure surgery to treat hemorrhoids effectively.
Treatment options include:
Rubber band ligation
A rubber band ligation is a minimally invasive procedure that cuts off hemorrhoid blood supply. Dr. Araghizadeh places a small rubber band around the internal hemorrhoid, and this causes it to shrivel. Both the rubber band and hemorrhoid fall off within a few days.
Injection and coagulation
Injection and coagulation are ideal for non-protruding, bleeding hemorrhoids. The injection triggers coagulation and shriveling.
In a hemorrhoidectomy, Dr. Araghizadeh surgically excises/removes the hemorrhoids. This type of surgery is often the best solution when you're suffering from large protruding internal hemorrhoids, repeated clots within external hemorrhoids, chronic bleeding, or when other options like rubber band ligation or injection aren't effective or suitable.
Dr. Araghizadeh is a highly accomplished colon and rectal surgery specialist who’s ready to end your hemorrhoid problems today. Book an appointment online or by calling the office of Farshid Araghizadeh, MD, MBA today.